A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size. A crown protects and strengthens tooth structure that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations.
A crown helps your tooth or teeth remain useful when other restorations won’t serve predictably and basically helps conserve your remaining healthy tooth preventing discomfort, aesthetic embarrassment and premature tooth loss.
Although there are several types of crowns, porcelain (tooth colored crown) are the most popular. They are highly durable and will last many years, but like most dental restorations, they may eventually need to be replaced. Porcelain crowns are made to match the shape, size, and color or your teeth giving you a natural, long-lasting beautiful smile.
Crowns situated on 1st or 2nd molar teeth may be made from varying levels of gold metal. Metal crowns are the most durable material and wear like natural tooth structure reducing the wearing down of your enamel. Gold crowns are a great choice to avoid future chipping or cracking of the crowns chewing surface sometimes leading to food impaction and recurrent dental cavities. Gold naturally discourages bacterial plaque damage permitting healthier gum tissues. These are some of the benefits of biocompatible high noble content metal. By using Gold you may save both your teeth and money in the long run because of the inconvenience of replacing a crown fabricated with less robust design and service potential.
Reasons for crowns:
What does getting a crown involve?
A crown procedure usually requires two appointments. Your first appointment will include taking several highly accurate molds (or impressions) that will be used to create your custom crown. A mold will also be used to create a temporary crown which will stay on your tooth for approximately two weeks until your new crown is fabricated by a dental laboratory.
While the tooth is numb, the dentist will prepare the tooth by removing any decay and shaping the surface to properly fit the crown. Once these details are accomplished, your temporary crown will be placed with temporary cement and your bite will be checked to ensure you are biting properly.
At your second appointment your temporary crown will be removed, the tooth will be cleaned, and your new crown will be carefully placed to ensure the spacing and bite are accurate.
You will be given care instructions and encouraged to have regular dental visits to check your new crown.
Continuing preventative maintenance helps ensure your investment serves you for a long time.